Bitcoin is decentralized digital currency that enables instant payments to anyone, anywhere in the world. Bitcoin uses peer-to-peer technology to operate with no central authority: managing transactions and issuing money are carried out collectively by the network. The original Bitcoin software by Satoshi Nakamoto was released under the MIT license. Most client software, derived or "from scratch", also use open source licensing.
Ethereum or Ether is a cryptocurrency designed to pay for the computational purposes of the Ethereum network. The name of the coin comes from the name of the platform intended to allow a network of peers to administer their own stateful user-created smart contracts in the absence of central authority.
Monero is a new coin using the CryptoNote protocol. It's based on Bytecoin, which was coded from scratch and is not a descendent of Bitcoin. XMR was launched on April 18, 2014.
Ripple is a digital currency of Ripple payment network created to support fast and secure financial transactions worldwide. This currency is present uniquely within the system and cannot be mined. It helps avoid counterparty risk and serves as the network’s native asset.
Ethereum Classic ETC
Ethereum Classic is a new cryptocurrency based on the original Ethereum blockchain before it was hardforked. ETC is based on the same principles as ETH, except its blockchain contains the hacked blocks being bailed out from the Ethereum replicated one.
Zcash is a totally private decentralized crypto using a new cryptographic algorithm for payments using a zero-knowledge proof of construction, providing safe encryption of a sender, a recipient and an amount sent. Zcash has a view key for users to see and control the content.
Bitcoin Cash BCH
Bitcoin Cash is a Bitcoin fork that spontaneously came from the Bitcoin hard fork. The currency represents a more scalable replicated blockchain of original Bitcoin with blocks increased up to 8 megabytes.
Litecoin is a peer-to-peer Internet currency that enables instant payments to anyone in the world. It is based on the Bitcoin protocol but differs from Bitcoin in that it can be efficiently mined with consumer-grade hardware. Litecoin provides faster transaction confirmations (2.5 minutes on average) and uses a memory-hard, scrypt-based mining proof-of-work algorithm to target the regular computers with GPUs most people already have. The Litecoin network is scheduled to produce 84 million currency units. One of the aims of Litecoin was to provide a mining algorithm that could run at the same time, on the same hardware used to mine Bitcoins. With the rise of specialized ASICs for Bitcoin, Litecoin continues to satisfy these goals. It is unlikely for ASIC mining to be developed for Litecoin until the currency becomes more widely used.
Dash is a cryptocurrency previously known as Darkcoin or XCoin. It uses a coin-mixing service called Darksend that prevents transactions from being traced and adds privacy to the network. Quick confirmation makes Dash payments an effective way to send money worldwide. Two-Tier network opens new possibilities to integrate various services unavailable for other currencies.
NANJCOIN is an Ethereum token developed and managed by the users of 2ch.sc’s “Nandemo Jikkyou” message board, or NanJ for short. The Nandemo Jikkyou board is a place where passionate sports fans (also known as Nanjinians or J-Boys) gather and engage in sublimely trivial banter day and night. Shortly after its creation, the NANJCOIN Discord community quickly gained momentum, attracting a variety of members from all walks of life, and continues to grow by the day. NANJCOIN was conceived with the mission of better enjoying sports and aims to expand by working together with business partners in the sports industry. By making transactions with NANJCOIN, you will reap greater and more unique benefits unobtainable through regular payment methods. In addition, NANJCOIN will also provide a system for conveniently making donations to sports organizations in need of financial support, be they individual players, teams, niche domestic sports with little backing, or even regional sports clubs. (From Stage 3) NANJ plans to implement a voting system through which members can use tokens to nominate various sports teams to be managed directly by the community.